Traditional and historic villages and towns are part of the richness of the Eastern Region of Ghana. Visitors should take the opportunity of visiting the original Presbyterian school buildings in Akropong, and the house of Tetteh Quarshie in Mampong. Both these towns have many interesting historic buildings and districts. What the Eastern region of Ghana is famous for is its climate and the lush greenery, its estimated that the area is a few degrees cooler than Accra so is a great place to visit when things get too hot.
For many visitor’s to the Eastern region the botanical gardens at Aburi is the first stop. The gardens are spectacular and were opened in 1890, and are a popular excursion from Accra. If you like gardens and nature then also worth a visit is the forest of Atewa-Atwirebu which houses hundreds of birds and butterflies.
The Eastern Region occupies is the sixth largest region in terms of land area. It lies between latitudes 6o and 7o North and between longitudes 1o30’ West and 0o30’ East. The region shares common boundaries with the Greater Accra, Central, Ashanti, Brong Ahafo and Volta Regions.
The region has four main geographical features, namely:
- The Kwahu scarp with an elevation of 2,586 feet above sea level.
- The Atiwa-Atwaredu Ranges near Kibi, reaching an elevation of 2,400 feet.
- The Akuapem highland attaining an elevation of 1,530 feet which is the southern extension of the Togo-Atakora mountain ranges and
- The isolated hills/mountains dotting the relatively low-lying plains to the south, notably the Krobo and the Yogaga mountains.
The Kwahu Scarp and the Atiwa-Atwaredu form the major watershed of the region. It is from these that the major rivers such as the Pra, Birim and the Densu take their sources. The Volta lake also covers part of the region. The Kwahu scarp also has the highest inhabited place in Ghana, at Abetifi, though this is not the highest mountain peak in the country.
The Akosombo and Kpong dams are also located in this region. The region is also characterized by long range forest highlands such as the Akim, Kwahu, Akwamu, Krobo and Shai Hills.
The region is rich in minerals such as gold, diamond, bauxite-tantalite, limestone, kaolin and clay. Gold and diamond are however the only minerals that are mined commercially.